What Points Should Be Considered in Lighting Installation Procedure?
Updated: Nov 1, 2020
Installing a new light fixture requires careful attention and detailed planning. Committing even a single error or mistake is not allowed when it comes to electrical wiring; in other words, one is supposed to organize properly and learn the rules and regulations to make sure their project is safe and up to code. Having the rules in mind, the point is, it is very possible to plan your own project and install a new light fixture to light your house.
1. Follow your local wiring codes and carry out thorough inspections. For most residential and housing construction projects, a number of permissions are required, especially in the case of installing or replacing new electrical wires. It is worth noting that simply replacing a fixture does not require any specific permits and inspections. Whether you want to do the wiring yourself or assign experts to do it, scheduling and performing the following stages with the Housing Administration in your area is essentially required:
A Temporary Service Inspection
2. Choose the most appropriate fixture to illuminate a place. The second point before installing a new light fixture is to think about the purpose of the room and take into consideration all its characteristics to decide on its lighting. Is it a place for relaxing and reading quietly? Then a candelabrum or wall-mounted fixture might be the best choice. Is it a place in the kitchen, like over a kitchen island, where directed lighting is needed? In this case, pendant lighting would be more desirable.
3. Decide on the bulb types of the new light fixtures. Considering a variety of purposes, incandescent, fluorescent, LED, mercury vapor, high-pressure sodium, and halogen bulbs are commonly chosen. It is worth mentioning that the color tone of bulb associates with a number, which is its temperature in Kelvin degrees. Warm tones (yellow-red) have lower temperatures (2000°) while cool tones (blue) have higher temperatures (8300°). In order to be able to estimate and imagine the above-mentioned temperatures in a better way, daylight is basically acknowledged to be around 5600°. Each of these color tones has its own specific usage. For making the best decision, some practical points are provided below:
Choosing LED bulbs is the best option for those who cannot make up their minds. Although their upfront cost might be slightly higher in comparison to other bulbs, LED lights can be used for a longer time, are less energy-consuming, and present a variety of color temperatures and brightness tones.
For creating a more intimate or relaxing atmosphere, warm white, which is about 2700 degrees, would serve more appropriately. On the other hand, cool white or daylight is better for workplaces. These bulbs are approximately 4000 degrees.
It is preferred to have identical lights in terms of the color tone and temperature in a room. If the lights are different, the lighting quality will not be harmonious. Such a condition is even more noticeable if there are two or more adjacent and neighboring lamps of different color tones and temperatures.
4. Locate the nearest power source. Finding a nearby outlet or an existing junction box in the ceiling which is close enough is crucially vital. Using a building’s basement electrical source to feed a switch on the third or fourth floor for a fixture that illuminates the front sidewalk is not recommended at all. That is a lot of wiring and is not considered safe and suitable. If a suitable power source is not easily accessible, you might have to separate and run a new branch from the electrical panel.
5. Determine the requirements of voltage and current for the light fixture. The fixture must operate on a voltage available; that is, the fixture has to fit the voltage. House fixtures are generally of 120-volt variety or are designed with the ability to choose from two or more voltages by connecting specific wires. Current requirements for 120-volt incandescent fixtures (this includes tungsten, quartz, halogen) is .83 amps per 100 watts. It is plausible to add a 100-watt fixture to existing circuits. Most fixtures mention a list of wattage or amperage requirements to avoid incidents caused by overloading circuits.
6. Map out the wiring route. There exists three ways to wire the circuit for a new light fixture installation. Power to switch, the power to fixture, and installing the power and load point in the same switch. The three points – source, switch, and fixture – should be linked together with a simple two-wire Romex cable when there is one switch controlling the fixture. Providing that multiple switches are connected and wired to multiple fixtures, it is significant to separate your wiring systems. The fixtures ought to be wired to each other with a two-wire cable, and the switches need to be wired to each other with a three-wire cable. The electric power can be brought to either of the three-way switch boxes or any of the fixture boxes through a two-wire cable. Note that the cable between the switch and fixture(s) is also of two-wire type.
To summarize, the Electrical wiring of a place is of great significance in many terms such as safety, ergonomics, and decoration. Although installing a new light fixture is very serious, doing it on one’s own is not an impossible task. Whether it is carried out by experts or not, there are fundamental requirements – some of which have been aforementioned – to be fulfilled. If the above-stated points are not regarded, the results might not be as desirable and safe as they should be.
If you need any help regarding this situation call Eama. Eama is one of the prominent construction companies in Toronto, Canada that provide you the highest-quality services in case of any electrical services in Toronto.